Gold has been used in medical procedures for centuries. With the most notable use being in the field of dentistry; its inert nature gives it great biocompatibility properties. With years of research and a huge amount of resources poured into finding out how this distinct element can be applied in medical and pharmaceutical uses, at last there is a lot to look forward to. Research findings indicate that there are numerous gold nanoparticles pharmaceutical and medical uses. What is even better is that these applications are just the beginning of what is touted as one of the most significant medical agents of our time.
Therapeutic Agent Delivery
Gold nanoparticles have a high surface area to volume ratio. This means that treatments and drugs can be bound to the surface of the particles for delivery to targeted cells in the body. Therapeutic agent delivery is one of the most significant gold nanoparticles pharmaceutical and medical uses. For instance, researchers have found ways of delivering cancer treatment to specific cancer cells by using gold nanoparticles. By specifically targeting cancer cells and avoiding healthy body cells, such treatments will have a better chance of leaving the patient healthy after the cancer has been eliminated.
Gold nanoparticles have also revolutionized how diagnostic test are conducted. The creation of Rapid Diagnostic Test (RDTs) is one of the most common gold nanoparticles pharmaceutical and medical uses. Gold nanoparticles can be able to be programmed to specifically target various cells or proteins. This makes them quite useful in detecting diseases or conditions present in the body. Some of the common applications to date include their use in diagnosing malaria. Researchers are also looking into ways of using gold nanoparticles in the early detection of prostate cancer, a disease that is difficult to diagnose early due to the lack of outright symptoms.
Research into the gold nanoparticles pharmaceutical and medical uses has also extended into the development of treatment methods. Gold nanoparticles have been found to absorb light and convert it into heat. This has led to the development of cancer treatments that rely on the absorption of light from lasers and production of heat. Nanoparticles programmed to target tumors are then targeted using a high strength laser. The heat produced by the nanoparticles kill the tumors leaving healthy cells unharmed.
As you can see, Gold nanoparticles have been found to have a lot of potential when it comes to use in medical applications. This precious element has been found to be highly effective when it comes to being used in physiological applications. With ongoing research to find out gold nanoparticles pharmaceutical and medical uses, we can expect even more applications including in the field of cosmetics as well.